This week in Southern New South Wales we were back in the pits. Here we are in a brown cracking clay (red sodosol) at Oaklands undertaking terrain productivity assessment for field cropping systems. Deep productive soils with high water storage capacity but sodicity at depth. Soils are so complex and yet so simple. Why are they so poorly understood and why are so few holes dug in agricultural landscapes to assess soil performance. The soil pits never lie ! When farmers purchase land they buy soil. When they dig holes they begin to understand the soil. Plants live in soil, not on it. Plants drink, they don’t eat. Plants are a direct extension of soil performance.